Racing flags is a significant means of communication among Formula One or other auto racing drivers in motorsports. The flags in motorsport indicate track conditions and communication signals.
On the other hand, there is no universal system for the use of these flags in different types of motorsports. Traditionally, racing flags used in major racing leagues including FIA, NASCAR, and IndyCar.
The flags mainly used to send signals for starting, finishing and other assorted signals to guide drivers during a race.
Different racing flags colors & its meanings
Green Flag – This is the first color when a race begins and it means GO! It serves as a signal that the track is clear and ready to race on.
Yellow Flag – The yellow color flag means to slow down as a precaution for the drivers. Many of us will recognize what the yellow flag means. It might be of any type of trouble ahead like an accident, or the car is leaking fluid or dropping broken parts that pose a danger to the vehicle or other racers.
The driver should reduce speed to about freeway speed and no overtaking allowed especially passing the pace car. Once the mess cleared the race resumes.
Striped Yellow and Red Flag – This flag indicate that racing track conditions have changed. These changes could reduce grip or cause a car to lose control – generally oil, coolant, small pieces of debris or sand.
Black Flag – This one aims to warn a particular driver either of a mechanical issue with the car like leaking fluid or due to violation of the set rules. The driver being shown this flag must pull over and get off the track into the pits.
Black Flag with an Orange Circle – Serves as a variant of the black flag and warns the driver of a mechanical problem with the car. This include the parts which are not visible from the driver’s seat like tailpipe dragging and he has to get to the pits for repair.
Black and White Flag Divided Diagonally – This flag used only once and is directed to a driver who has been reported for unsportsmanlike conduct e.g. intentionally driving another car off the course.
Black White Checkered Flag – Majority are aware of this flag when waved out: it recognizes the driver who crosses the start/finish line first i.e. the winner of the race and the end of the race to other drivers.
Red Flag – Almost everyone knows that red means danger and in this case it tells the diver to stop/shut the engine down right where they are. This is possibly due to a serious accident, bad weather or even a bad spill. The red flag indicate that racing conditions are no more suitable to continue the race or abort race for some time.
Red and Yellow Stripped Flag – Also referred to surface flag, it warns on potential traction hazard like debris, water or oil on the track.
White Flag – The white flag tell the viewers or spectators about the presence of an official car. If a competitor moving at below normal speed in the section of track covered by the flag station. In most American forms of motorsports, the white flag signals the driver that its only one lap remaining to finish.
Blue Flag with the diagonal Orange Strip – If the driver is not among the lead lap cars, the racing rules states that the driver should allow the lead lap cars to pass by. Failure to obey this flag will automatically result into a black flag.
Carrying these types of flag Marshals are appointed at different points around the circuit. Using different flags marshals provide important messages to the racing drivers in the track and keep communication going.
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